Before we learn the kinds of vascular disease, let us first describe what this condition is. Vascular disease is caused by the hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis. When this condition happens, the blood’s flow becomes limited, causing the body to receive not enough blood to circulate throughout the entire body.
Learn more about the kinds of vascular diseases:
- Stroke – this condition affects the arteries that are leading to the and within the brain. It happens when the supply of blood to your brain becomes blocked. This can consequence to brain cell death and loss of brain function. It can even be caused blood clot or thrombosis, blockage or embolism, and even hemorrhage or bleeding. When blood vessel is blocked, it cannot carry enough amount nutrients and oxygen to your brain. The most usual symptoms of stroke include the eyesight problems, inability of a person to move parts of the body, and difficulty with swallowing or speech.
- Aneurysm – this includes renal, thoracic, as well as abdominal aneurysms. Aneurysm is the bulge that is commonly seen in a section of your aorta. The aorta is a part of the body that is responsible for carrying blood from your heart all the way to the rest of your body parts. The section of your aorta that has aneurysm can be overstretched, weak and can eventually burst. If this occurs, it can lead to serious bleeding that may then result to death. The exact reason behind aneurysm is still unknown. The atherosclerosis or the hardening of the arteries is suspected to play a vital role in being a cause of this disease. The risk factors that come with this condition include genetic factors, ageing, gender, obesity, and a lot more.
- Varicose veins – these are the enlarged and gnarled veins that are commonly seen in your legs and feet. This is due to the fact that the legs as well as feet are the most affected part of your body when you are walking or standing upright. These activities essentially increase the pressure in the veins of the lower body. A varicose vein is treatable by doing changes in one’s lifestyle or with different medical procedures. These treatments are advised to relieve the pain or to avoid further symptoms of varicose veins. They are also meant to avoid complications or to improve the veins’ appearance.
- Peripheral arterial disease – PAD is a common circulatory condition wherein there is a narrowing in your peripheral arteries leading to the legs, arms, stomach and head. These affected parts of the body do not receive the right amount of blood flow in order to maintain the demand. Peripheral arterial disease or PAD is also a common sign of a widespread accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries or atherosclerosis. This condition can lessen the blood flow in the brain, heart, as well as legs.
- Pulmonary embolism – pulmonary embolism occurs when there’s a blockage or blood clot in one or more lung arteries. This is a problem of deep vein thrombosis, also known as DVT. It can be a cause of death and requires immediate treatment. Some of the symptoms of this ailment include bloody cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, weak pulse, and lightheadedness.
- Venous blood clots – this condition blocks the flow of blood through a vein or an artery. In case the blood clot blocks your brain or heart’s artery and vein, it can lead to a heart attack or a stroke. Some of the main causes of this condition are paralysis, major surgery, prolonged bed rest cancer, family history, and injury.